Susan C. Campisi, Amira Khan, Clare Zasowski, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Malnutrition relates to over- and undernutrition. Over the past two decades, much progress has been made in decreasing levels of stunting among children under 5 years of age. High levels of childhood and adolescent obesity are also emerging. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, child and adolescent malnutrition estimates revealed persistently high levels of malnutrition. Consequently, many countries will fail to reach the World Health Assembly targets set for 2025 and the Sustainable Development Goals in 2030. There exists the potential for consequences of malnutrition to persist throughout the lifecycle impacting cognitive, developmental, and economic outcomes. Although the etiology for undernutrition and overnutrition is different, several prevention strategies overlap. Optimal nutrition including dietary diversity and food systems, a healthy environment, and safe physical activity are key elements of malnutrition prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTextbook of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Subtitle of host publicationA Comprehensive Guide to Practice: Second Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783030800680
ISBN (Print)9783030800673
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Obesity
  • Risk factors
  • Stunting
  • Wasting


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