Malnutrition relates to over- and undernutrition. Over the past two decades, much progress has been made in decreasing levels of stunting among children under 5 years of age. High levels of childhood and adolescent obesity are also emerging. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, child and adolescent malnutrition estimates revealed persistently high levels of malnutrition. Consequently, many countries will fail to reach the World Health Assembly targets set for 2025 and the Sustainable Development Goals in 2030. There exists the potential for consequences of malnutrition to persist throughout the lifecycle impacting cognitive, developmental, and economic outcomes. Although the etiology for undernutrition and overnutrition is different, several prevention strategies overlap. Optimal nutrition including dietary diversity and food systems, a healthy environment, and safe physical activity are key elements of malnutrition prevention.
|Title of host publication||Textbook of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition|
|Subtitle of host publication||A Comprehensive Guide to Practice: Second Edition|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2021|
- Risk factors