Management of foreign bodies in otorhinolaryngology

Khalid Munir Cheema, Muhammad Tariq, Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad Awais Amin, Mohammad Ismail, Mazhar-Ul-Islam, Shanza Sarwar, Mohammad Mujeeb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Foreign bodies in the ear, nose, and throat are commonly seen, usually in children. Diagnosis is often delayed because the causative event is usually unobserved, the symptoms are nonspecific, and patients often are misdiagnosed initially. Most ear and nose foreign bodies can be removed by a skilled physician in the office with minimal risk of complications. Pharyngeal or tracheal foreign bodies are medical emergencies requiring radiological and surgical intervention. Flexible or rigid endoscopy usually is required to confirm the diagnosis and to remove the foreign body. Physicians need to have a high index of suspicion for foreign bodies in children with unexplained upper airway symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Endoscopy
  • Foreign body


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