Background: Implant-supported fixed restorations are considered as the standard treatment for replacement of missing teeth. These can be either screw or cement retained. The success or failure of implant restorations depend upon amount of marginal bone loss (MBL). The present study is to determine the MBL around cement and screw-retained implant prosthesis and to determine various predictors of the MBL. Material and Methods: A retrospective charts review was conducted at the dental clinics, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from February 2017 to June 2017 in which 104 implants restorations were assessed using periapical radiographs. MBL was calculated at baseline and at 12 months and the difference was recorded on a proforma. SPSS version 21.0 was used for statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics was computed. Generalized estimation equation analysis (GEE) was applied to determine the predictors of MBL. Level of significance was kept at ≤ 0.05. Results: There were 104 implant restorations belonging to 41 patients. Screw retained prosthesis showed significantly greater MBL than cement retained prosthesis (p-value =0 .018) (irrespective of crowns or fixed partial dentures). Other factors that turned out to be significant predictors of MBL were male gender (p-value= < 0.01), age > 65 yrs. (p-value=0.028) and sites where bone grafting was performed (p-value=0.003) Conclusions: Male patients of age > 65 yrs. with sites needing bone grafts who were provided with screw retained prosthesis (irrespective of crown or fixed partial dentures) had significantly greater marginal bone loss around implants.
- Alveolar bone loss
- Dental implants
- Dental prosthesis
- Implant supported dental prosthesis