Maternal mortality and morbidity in Pakistan: a situational analysis

Nimira Asif, Farzana Adnan, Shahnaz Shahid Ali, Zahid Memon, Tazeen Saeed Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background The maternal mortality rate in Pakistan is high, which has been attributed partly to delays in accessing healthcare for women who are pregnant and in labour. This study aimed to explore the community's perspectives of delays to use of health services in pregnancy and labour, using the 'three delays' model and the framework for determinants of maternal mortality. Methods An explorative-descriptive approach was used, with purposeful sampling of 382 participants selected from across Pakistan. Four groups of participants were selected: married women, married men, adolescent girls and adolescent boys. Results Several factors led to delays seeking healthcare. Women were unable to decide for themselves whether to attend a healthcare facility, there were issues reaching a facility in time and at the facility, either the resources or healthcare workers were lacking. Conclusions Women must be given education and access to healthcare in order to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-632
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Midwifery
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2023


  • Maternal mortality
  • Three delay model
  • Women's health


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