Miaphysites in Iraq during the Last Great War of Antiquity (c. 604-28) and its Aftermath

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Abstract

This article examines the complex historiography of the establishment of a Miaphysite hierarchy in Iraq in the early seventh century and proposes a reconstruction of the events themselves. As the Sasanian conquest of the Roman Empire progressed, the monastery of Mar Mattai in particular played a role in staffing and organising Miaphysites in conquered territory. Roman victories in 628 led to a complete reorganisation of the Miaphysite East, with the creation of Takrit as the premier centre for Miaphysites in Iraq and the official down-grading of Mar Mattai. Nevertheless, in practice, Mar Mattai continued to be a significant centre under the Umayyads.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-37
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Ecclesiastical History
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

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