Microbial aetiology and diagnostic criteria of postpartum endometritis in Nairobi, Kenya

M. Temmerman, M. Laga, J. O. Ndinya-Achola, M. Parasekevas, R. C. Brunham, F. A. Plummer, P. Piot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Using a protected triple lumen device, Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis, or both, were isolated from the endometriums of five out of 35 women with clinical postpartum endometritis compared with none of a control group of 30 puerperal women without endometritis (p < 0.05) in Nairobi, Kenya. These sexually transmitted agents were also found in 12 cervical speciemens from women with and three without postpartum endometritis (p = 0.04). Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum were equally isolated from the endometrium in both groups. Histology showed plasma cell infiltration in 6/25 patients compared with 1/22 controls (p = 0.06). A history of foul lochia (p < 0.01) and abdominal pain (= 0.02) were associated with postpartum endometritis. Sexually transmitted agents appear to be major causes of puerperal upper genital tract infections in Nairobi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-175
Number of pages4
JournalGenitourinary Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


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