Microbiological safety of areca nut-containing, ready-to-eat chewing substances common among Pakistani paediatric population: A pilot study

Anjiya Sulaiman, Hina Zubairi, Seema Irfan, Kulsoom Ghias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate microbiological contamination of areca nut-containing, ready-to-eat chewing substances easily accessible to vulnerable paediatric population. Methods: A pilot study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Medical College from June to October 2016 on twelve samples of areca nut-containing chewing substances (four supari, paan masala and gutka each) collected from various localities of Karachi. These were evaluated individually for total colony counts, hygiene indicator organisms, pathogenic organisms, and levels of aflatoxin. Microbial contamination was analysed using pour-plate method. Fungal aflatoxin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Wet gutka preparations were contaminated by Escherichia coli and Enterobacteriacaea. High levels of fungal aflatoxin (range: 0.43-1.84 mg/kg), a proven carcinogen, were identified in all the 12(100%) products. No sample contained pathogenic bacteria. However, 1(8.33%) sample did not meet hygiene criteria cut-off. Conclusion: Habitual use of unhygienic chewing substances containing fungal toxins is a public health concern that needs to be addressed through a preventative, behaviour-changing strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-454
Number of pages5
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Volume69
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Areca
  • Microbiological
  • Paediatric
  • Population
  • Safety
  • Smokeless
  • Tobacco

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Microbiological safety of areca nut-containing, ready-to-eat chewing substances common among Pakistani paediatric population: A pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this