Migration of health workers: A challenge for health care system

Shaista Afzal, Imrana Masroor, Gulnaz Shafqat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The migration of health workers has resulted in a growing apprehension universally because of its impact on health system of the developing countries. Although the choice to migrate is basically a personal one, however, the overall social and economic circumstances have important impact on the decision to migrate. The "push and pull" factors for migration are disparity in working conditions, pay, lack of promotion opportunities, poor living conditions, desire to gain experience, professional development, family background and family wealth. A strategic approach by the government and other agencies is mandatory for regulating the flow of health workers between countries. A range of policies and interventions are needed to deal with the broader health system issue and problems of health workers that influence their recruitment, retention, deployment and progress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-587
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012


  • Health care system
  • Health workers
  • Migration


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