The days are past that pregnant women were advised to eat for two. In the industrialized world, quality food is available and most women do not need specific nutritional guidelines, yet overweight as well as underweight have to be avoided. In general, the aimed at average weight gain is between 10 and 12 kg during a normal pregnancy. Nutritional advice consists of: - A well-balanced healthy diet of about 2,500 kilocalories per day. - A daily suppletion of folic acid of 0.4 mg per day to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Ideally, one should start at least 4 weeks before conception and continue until week 12 of pregnancy. - Ferrous suppletion on clinical or laboratory grounds. - Suppletion with 100-200 μg iodium per day because of increased needs during pregnancy and a relative iodium deficiency in Belgium. - Liver and liver products have to be avoided because of high vitamine A concentrations.
|Translated title of the contribution||Vitamins, minerals and nutritional supplements during pregnancy|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2003|