Purpose: Our first aim was to compare online M-mode with offline spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) M-mode for assessing longitudinal annular displacement (LAD) in growth-restricted fetuses (FGR). Our second aim was to compare LAD measures of FGR cases with controls. Materials and methods: Prospective study including 40 FGR cases (defined estimated fetal weight and birth weight <10th centile) and 72 normally grown fetuses matched to cases by gestational age at scan. LAD was measured with online M-mode and offline STIC M-mode at the left and right ventricular free walls and septum in all fetuses. Results: FGR cases had a significant decrease in LAD by STIC in all sites as compared to controls (e.g. right LAD in FGR mean 6.7 mm (SD 1.2) versus controls 7.2 mm (1.2), p =.033). There was a non-significant trend for lower values in FGR when using online M-mode (e.g. right LAD in FGR 6.9 mm (1.5) versus controls 7.4 mm (1.5), p =.084). Conclusions: STIC M-mode seems a better method than online M-mode for detecting subtle changes in myocardial motion. STIC presents more precise results and allows an ideal placement of the M-mode arrow. These results confirm previous data suggesting decreased longitudinal motion in FGR.
- longitudinal annular displacement