This study assessed the need for orthodontic treatment in a sample of 12-14 years old Pakistani school children by applying the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) to their dental casts. The study group consisted of 125 subjects (97 boys and 28 gills, mean age 12.7 years, S D ± 0.6 years). Dental health component of IOTN was used to record the need for orthodontic treatment on dental health grounds while a scale of ten monochrome photographs (aesthetic component of IOTN) was utilized to assess the aesthetic treatment need. The results indicated that 40% of the children were in objective need of orthodontic treatment. Whilst there was a discrepancy between the proportions of Pakistani school children needing orthodontic treatment on aesthetic and dental health grounds, the aesthetic and dental health components were moderately correlated (r=0.68) and the association was statistically highly significant (P<0.001). The study may provide baseline data for planning orthodontic services. Further studies on different samples across the country are required to evolve an overall picture of orthodontic treatment need in Pakistan.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Child health services
- Dental Health surveys
- Dental care
- Malocclusion Orthodontics