Outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Pakistan: Psychological impact and coping strategies of health care professionals

Khola Noreen, Muhammad Umar, Syed Arshad Sabir, Rehana Rehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study was conducted to explore factors that can impact psychological health and coping strategies to help health care professionals (HCPs) to perform their duties. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted using structured questionnaire electronically shared with the participants after ethical approval. Descriptive statistics were calculated for socio demographic variables. Chi squared χ² test was used to compare the responses between different groups of HCPs. Results: Survey was completed by 250 participants. They performed their duties diligently during outbreak but were concerned about their safety, had fear of infecting themselves and their family members. Lack of evidence-based guidelines for patient management, news about pandemic situation through media and to deal with uncooperative patients not willing for quarantine added to their stress. receiving honour and respect from general public in recognition of services, monetary benefit, adequate training to treat COVID-19, provision of personal protective equipment from government were reported as coping strategies for psychological impact. Conclusions: COVID-19 outbreak had psychological impact on HCPs, yet they continued to perform their duties carefully as moral obligation. Continued moral with financial support and acknowledgement of their services by government, organization and general public was reported to have psychological benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1478-1483
Number of pages6
JournalPakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • COVID-19
  • Coping Strategies
  • Front liners
  • Health care Professionals
  • Outbreak of Corona Virus
  • Psychological health


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