Outcome of 7-S, TQM technique for healthcare waste management

Junaid Habib Ullah, Rashid Ahmed, Javed Iqbal Malik, M. Amanullah Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To assess the present waste management system of healthcare facilities (HCFs) attached with Shalamar Hospital, Lahore by applying the 7-S technique of Total Quality Management (TQM) and to find out the outcome after imparting training. Study Design: Interventional quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: The Shalamar Hospital, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, November, 2009 to November, 2010. Methodology: Mckinsey's 7-S, technique of TQM was applied to assess the 220 HCFs from Lahore, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura districts for segregation, collection, transportation and disposal (SCTD) of hospital waste. Direct interview method was applied. Trainings were provided in each institution. After one year action period, the status of four areas of concern was compared before and after training. The parameters studied were segregation, collection, transportation and disposal systems in the 220 HCFs. Each of these were further elaborated by strategy, structure, system, staff, skill, style and stakeholder/shared value factors. Standard error of difference of proportion was applied to assess significance using 95% confidence level. Results: There was marked improvement in all these areas ranging from 20% to 77% following a training program of 3 months. In case of disposal of the waste strategy, structure and system an increase of 60%, 65% and 75% was observed after training. Conclusion: The 7-S technique played a vital role in assessing the hospital waste management system. Training for the healthcare workers played a significant role in healthcare facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-734
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Collection
  • Disposal
  • Healthcare facilities (HCFs)
  • Hospital waste management
  • Incinerator
  • Risk factors
  • SCTD cycle
  • Segregation


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcome of 7-S, TQM technique for healthcare waste management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this