Outcome of radioactive iodine therapy in toxic nodular goiter in Pakistan

Tauseef Ahmad, Adeel Khoja, Naveed Haroon Rashid, Muhammad Areeb Ashfaq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine the outcome of patients receiving radioactive iodine therapy for toxic nodular goiter coming to Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi. Methods: A total of 89 patients who visited the outpatient department of Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2010 to August 2017 were recruited for the study. Toxic nodular goiter was diagnosed on the basis of having hot nodule on thyroid scan with low TSH and high FT4/T4. Other demographic and laboratory data were also recorded. Results: Eighty nine patients with toxic nodular goiter received a dose range from 10 to 30mCi RAI. Six months after RAI, 36.2% became hypothyroid, 38.5% became euthyroid while 25.3% remained hyperthyroid. Thyroid outcome at 3 months were correlating with 6 months results. Conclusion: Radioactive iodine therapy is a safe and effective way of treating toxic nodular goiter which usually results in cure of hyperthyroidism in majority of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1146-1151
Number of pages6
JournalPakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018


  • Outcome
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Single center
  • Toxic nodular goiter


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