Outcome of tumor lysis syndrome in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies - A single-center experience from Pakistan

Armaghan E.Rehman Mansoor, Mohammad Faizan Zahid, Mujtaba Mubashir, Zehra Fadoo, Anwar Ul Haq, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is serious complication of anticancer chemotherapy, leading to substantial morbidity and mortality in adults and pediatric patients. Objective: To report the incidence and outcomes of TLS in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies at a center in Pakistan. Methods: Retrospective chart review of 317 pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies during January 2008-December 2013. Demographic features and clinical and laboratory parameters of TLS, with immediate and 6-month outcomes were determined using a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Median age at diagnosis was 9 years, with the 79.2% patients being male. Laboratory TLS was present in 36 patients (11.4%), with 27 (8.5%) developing clinical TLS and 13 (4.1%) requiring intensive care support. Hyperphosphatemia was the most frequent metabolic abnormality (14.2%), followed by hypocalcemia (13.9%), hyperuricemia (12.6%), and hyperkalemia (1.3%). 45 patients (14.2%) developed acute kidney injury (AKI). Patients who developed TLS had a significantly higher white blood cell count at initiation of chemotherapy (142.0 × 109/L [SD, 173.1] vs 31.5 × 109/L [SD, 58.0]; P = .01) and a higher incidence of AKI (58.3% vs 8.5% of patients; P < .001). Limitations: Retrospective design of study, high rate of loss to follow-up, and unavailability of lactate dehydrogenase levels in a majority of patients. Conclusion: The incidence of TLS pediatric hematologic malignancies was 11.4% at our center. The main cause of death was sepsis. Hyperphosphatemia was the common metabolic derangement and hyperkalemia was the least common. TLS warrants intensive supportive care to prevent further morbidity and decrease mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-465
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Community and Supportive Oncology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016


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