Parallel NGO networks for HIV control: risks and opportunities for NGO contracting.

Shehla Zaidi, Xaher Gul, Noureen Aleem Nishtar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Policy measures for preventive and promotive services are increasingly reliant on contracting of NGOs. Contracting is a neo-liberal response relying on open market competition for service delivery tenders. In contracting of health services a common assumption is a monolithic NGO market. A case study of HIV control in Pakistan shows that in reality the NGO market comprises of parallel NGO networks having widely different service packages, approaches and agendas. These parallel networks had evolved over time due to vertical policy agendas. Contracting of NGOs for provision of HIV services was faced with uneven capacities and turf rivalries across both NGO networks. At the same time contracting helped NGO providers belonging to different clusters to move towards standardized service delivery for HIV prevention. Market based measures such as contracting need to be accompanied with wider policy measures that facilitate in bringing NGOs groups to a shared understanding of health issues and responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-175
Number of pages5
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


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