Pediatric pancreatic trauma: Trending toward nonoperative management?

Alex G. Cuenca, Saleem Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pancreatic trauma is rare in children and optimal care has not been defined. We undertook this study to review the cumulative experience from three centers. After obtaining Institutional Review Board approval at each site, the trauma registries of three institutions were searched for pancreatic injuries. The charts were reviewed and data pertaining to demographics, hospital course, and outcome were obtained and analyzed. During the study period, a total of 79 pancreatic injuries were noted. The most common mechanism of injury was motor vehicle crash (44%) followed by child abuse (11%) and bicycle crashes (11%). Computed tomographic (CT) scans were obtained in 95 per cent with peripancreatic fluid the most common finding.Median Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 9,whereas median organ injury score was 2, and a higher grade correlated with need for operation (P = 0.001). Pancreatic operations were performed in 32 patients, whereas nonoperative management was noted in 47 cases.We noted no differences in length of stay, age, ISS, or initial blood pressure in operative versus nonoperatively managed cases. Pancreatic injuries were rare in children with trauma. CT scans were the most common method of diagnosis. Nonoperative management appeared to be safe and was more common, especially for the lower grade injuries. Copyright Southeastern Surgical Congress. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1204-1210
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume78
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

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