Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL): An innovation aimed at engaged learning for undergraduate medical students

Hasan Salman Siddiqi, Rehana Rehman, Farzeen Fatma Syed, Russell Seth Martins, Muhammad Talal Ibrahim, Faiza Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Peer Assisted Learning in teaching at undergraduate level and to assess its effects on Peer Leaders and Peer Learners. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, from May to October 2017, and comprised Peer Learners who were trained by faculty members in workshops and pre-run of experiments. Students were divided into two groups; Group A had Peer Learners taught by Peer Leaders, and Group B had those taught by trained lab technologists. Knowledge of the groups was assessed by a quiz using Kahoot. Post-session feedback questionnaires were also filled by the participants. Data was analysed using SPSS 23. Results: There were 10 Peer Leaders with a mean age of 19.5±0.85 years, and 62 Peer Learners with a mean age of 19.08±0.81 years. Among the learners, there were 35(56.5%) males and 27(43.5%) females. Post-session assessment showed a significant difference in the test performance by the two groups (p<0.05). Feedback indicated that the learners found Peer Leaders more accessible than lab staff, leading to enhanced understanding of the subject. Conclusion: Peer-Assisted Learning was found to promote learning by creating an informal student-friendly learning environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1996-2000
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • Evaluation
  • Experiments
  • PAL
  • Teachers


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