Perceptions of sex-role stereotypes, self-concept, and nursing role ideal in Chinese nursing students

Eleanor A. Holroyd, M. H. Bond, H. Y. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim. This study examined the relationship between sex-role stereotypes, self-concept and the requisite personality characteristics of an ideal nurse in a cohort of Hong Kong nursing students. Methods. To rate these concepts a measure of eight comprehensive dimensions of personality perception was administered to 177 nursing students, studying on preregistration and postregistration programs at a Hong Kong tertiary institution. Both male and female nursing students perceived an ideal nurse to possess a profile of traits including being high on the dimensions of emotional stability, application, intellect, helpfulness and restraint. Results. No significant difference between the self-ratings of the male and female students was found, indicating that male students had undergone a highly self-selective process when choosing nursing education under the influence of Chinese cultural stereotypical attitudes towards nursing. A typical Chinese nurse was rated as similar to the typical female in Chinese society by both male and female nursing students. A typical Chinese nurse was rated relatively low on the masculine dimensions of openness, extroversion and assertiveness. The self-ratings of male nursing students more closely approximated the ideal nurse than did the self-ratings of female nursing students. Conclusion. The conclusions highlight implications for the recruitment and education of both male and female nursing students in Hong Kong society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-303
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chinese
  • Gender
  • Nursing
  • Role ideal
  • Self-concept
  • Sex-role
  • Stereotype
  • Students

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