Perceptions of technology-enhanced learning in undergraduate medical education at a private medical college in Karachi, Pakistan

Azra Naseem, Kulsoom Ghias, Saniya Sabzwari, Sahreen Chauhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To identify perceptions of key stakeholders in a private medical college for the adoption of technology enhanced learning at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The mixed-method study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Medical College in Karachi from May 2014 to May 2015. Data was collected from students, faculty and academic programme leaders through questionnaires, focus group discussions (FGDs) and semi-structured interviews. SPSS 19 was used for quantitative data analysis. Qualitative data was analysed by generating codes and themes from the FGDs and interview transcripts. RESULTS: There was a consensus among the stakeholders regarding the need to incorporate technology-enhanced learning at the undergraduate level to supplement the curriculum, but not as a replacement for face-to-face class sessions. Students and faculty members have access to technology on campus. Students are appropriately digitally literate and use information and communication technology extensively for studies and other communication needs. All faculty members use PowerPoint and videos, and some use other tools, like simulations. The key challenges to technology-enhanced learning use identified included faculty members' skills to incorporate it in teaching, limited opportunities and time to learn the use of technology, poor faculty incentives for teaching innovation, and lack of availability of technical support and appropriate technologies. CONCLUSIONS: Successful adoption of technology-enhanced learning requires changes in the curriculum and pedagogical approaches, preparedness and willingness of the stakeholders, and academic leaders' vision and support to embrace new teaching and learning approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1108-1114
Number of pages7
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate, Educational technology, Technology enhanced learning.


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