Perfecting temporary pacemakers in a developing country

Farhala Baloch, Ashmal Sami Kabani, Maleeha Naseem, Aamir Hameed Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Transvenous pacemakers are used to temporarily pace heart in emergent situations. This study was conducted to analyze the current success rate of temporary pacemaker insertion in our institution and discover causes for failure to improve the technique. Methodology: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 263 patients from 2006 to 2016 who underwent TPM insertion at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Results: The success rate for the procedure was 97.7%, with one mortality caused by the pacemaker. No significant risk factor was found for the failure of TPM. Conclusion: There was no significant effect of anatomical site or technique on the failure of TPM insertion. However, with better training and higher experience of the residents, the complications and rate of failures can be reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-180
Number of pages4
JournalExpert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Temporary pacing
  • arrhythmias
  • artificial
  • atrioventricular block
  • cardiac pacemakers
  • femoral line
  • jugular line


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