Perinatal Stroke; Risk Factors and Outcome. A Study from Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi

Fozia Baloch, Falak Abro, Qurat Ul Ain Khalid, Prem Chand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To determine the frequency, risk factors and the outcomes of a perinatal stroke. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi Pakistan, from Jan to Dec 2019. Methodology: Neonates with perinatal stroke confirmed on the neuroimaging, were included in the study. The primary outcomes were risk factors, divided into 3 groups, maternal, placental and neonatal. The secondary outcome was the condition at the time of the discharge. Results: A total of 58 patients were included in the study. Maternal risk factors identified in the study, were intrauterine infections 10 (17.2%), anti-phospholipid syndrome, gestational diabetes 8 (13.8%) and preeclampsia 7 (12.1%). Chorioamnionitis 9 (15.5%), antepartum hemorrhage 6 (10.3%), and placenta previa 4 (6.9%) were the placental risk factors. Neonatal risk factors were birth asphyxia 35 (60.3%), sepsis/meningitis 8 (13.8%), premature birth 6 (10.3%) and fetal bradycardia 4 (6.9%). Resusci-tation was needed in 35 (60.3%) neonates with birth asphyxia. Haemorrhagic stroke was observed in 38 (65.5%) cases, ischemic stroke in 14 (24.1%) cases and mixed type of stroke was found in 6 (10.3%) patients. The total mortality rate in our study was 13.8%. Conclusion: Haemorrhagic stroke was more common than ischemic or mixed stroke among the patients of perinatal stroke at our healthcare facility. Patients with low APGAR score at 5 minutes, birth asphyxia and male gender, were most affected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-219
Number of pages5
JournalPakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Neonatal ischemic stroke
  • Neonatal stroke
  • Perinatal hemorrhagic stroke
  • Perinatal stroke


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