Pesticides Use and Impaired Lung Function Among Male Agricultural Farmers in Rural Sindh, Pakistan

Zahid Hyder Wadani, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Irfan, Zafar Fatmi

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Use of pesticides implicated in decrement in lung function, manifested as restrictive or obstructive dysfunction or both. Using comparative cross-sectional study design, authors conducted the study to determine an association of pesticide use with impairment in lung function (restrictive/obstructive pattern of lung function) among agricultural farmers. The data were collected using modified American Thoracic Society Division of Lung Disease (ATS-DLD-78A) questionnaire and spirometer measurements. Using multinomial logistic regression, the risk of both restrictive and obstructive lung dysfunction was found to be almost twice among pesticides users with each increasing year of exposure to pesticides (1.92 and 1.95, respectively) after adjusting for other covariates. There is a need for reliable monitoring and reporting procedures along with appropriate environmental policies and regulations for handling of pesticides. Interventional studies are needed where farmers could be trained on the proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) to limit the exposure to pesticides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • agricultural pesticides
  • forced expiratory volume in one second
  • forced vital capacity
  • obstructive and restrictive lung dysfunction


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