Practice of written feedback in nursing degree programmes in Karachi: The students' perspective

Amina Aijaz Khowaja, Raisa B. Gul, Arusa Lakhani, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi, Faiza Saleem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To identify students' perceptions about the practices of provision and utilization of written feedback in the nursing degree programmes in Karachi. Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Nine Nursing Institutions in Karachi, Pakistan were selected for the study, from February to October 2011. Methodology: The sample consisted of 379 second year nursing students from nine institutions in Karachi. The data was collected through a modified Assessment Experience Questionnaire (AEQ) developed by Gibbs and Simpson. The data obtained through AEQ was analyzed in the SPPS. Results: Students reported wide variations in the practices related to written assignments, and the provision of written feedback. Although 80% of the students, reported receiving written feedback with or without oral feedback, 20% of them, received only verbal feedback on their assignments. For 44 - 46% of the students, the quality, quantity, timing, and utilization of feedback was below the reference scores, which is indicative of negative perceptions. Only 40% reported receiving feedback on regular basis. Assignment guidelines were not always provided in a written form. In most cases, the guidelines were ambiguous as well as the feedback was not always reflective of the guidelines. Conclusion: The findings have implications for teachers, students, and institutions similar to the context of this study. Teachers need to be aware of the role and the impact of written feedback on students' learning and develop competence for giving effective feedback. Finally, institutional commitment and policies are needed to promote the practices of written feedback.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-244
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • Assessment
  • Assessment experience questionnaire (AEQ)
  • Nursing education
  • Student perceptions
  • Written feedback


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