Predictors of Uptake of Rotavirus Vaccination Amongst Disadvantaged Communities in Pakistan

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Introduction. Pakistan has the highest childhood mortality associated with diarrheal diseases. The objective of this study is to identify underlying factors contributing to lack of knowledge among mothers regarding vaccine’s efficacy in the prevention of diarrhea. Methodology. Secondary data was analyzed from a cross-sectional household survey in Northern Pakistan of eligible households having under-2-year children. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out. Results. Only 30% of the mothers had knowledge regarding diarrhea prevention by vaccine. The main factors found significantly correlated with this knowledge were mother’s education, distance of households from EPI centers, immunization status of children, counseling regarding clean drinking water and hygiene, provision of ORS, and antenatal care services by LHWs. Conclusion. Women’s literacy, access to care and LHW services are important for improving awareness and acceptance of vaccines for vaccine preventable diseases including diarrhea. Policy makers need to focus on improved monitoring and reprioritization of undermined services by LHWs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Pediatric Health
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • diarrhea prevention
  • LHW services
  • mother’s knowledge
  • rotavirus vaccine
  • vaccine awareness and acceptance


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