Pregnancy: Pre-eclampsia and diet

Doris González-Fernández, Kristine G. Koski, Zulfiqar Bhutta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy (HDPs) are one of the main causes of maternal death worldwide, particularly complications of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Although etiology remains unclear, specific nutrients have been proposed as contributing to the pathophysiology of the disease. Both over-and under-nutrition intervene in processes of oxidative stress and inflammation, favoring the development of HDPs. Current data suggest that calcium supplementation in populations with low calcium intake and at risk of developing HDPs could be beneficial. Supplementation with some micronutrients and minerals are promising nutritional strategies for the prevention of HDPs, but further large studies are needed to confirm their efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Human Nutrition
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-4, Fourth Edition
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780323908160
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Antioxidants
  • Calcium
  • Diet
  • Hypertension
  • Micronutrients
  • Minerals
  • Nutritional factors
  • Obesity
  • Preeclampsia
  • Pregnancy
  • Prevention
  • Vitamins


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