Essentials Patients with bleeding disorders are at risk of operative bleeding, but screening for these disorders is challenging. Patients with and without bleeding symptoms on a guideline-based screening questionnaire were included and hemostatically phenotyped. The questionnaire could not differentiate between patients with and without hemostatic abnormalities. The discriminative power of the PT, aPTT, TT, Euglobulin lysis time, PFA, and the ISTH-BAT was also limited. Background: Patients with mild bleeding disorders are at risk of perioperative bleeding, but screening for these disorders remains challenging. Objectives: We aimed to assess the prevalence of hemostatic abnormalities in patients with and without reported bleeding symptoms on a preoperative questionnaire, consisting of guideline-proposed questions, and appraised the diagnostic value of several screening modalities for the identification of patients with hemostatic abnormalities. Methods: In this observational study, 240 patients with and 95 patients without bleeding symptoms on the preoperative questionnaire were included. Patients with known bleeding disorders, antithrombotic drugs, thrombocytopenia, and anemia were excluded. Preoperatively, all patients underwent elaborate hemostatic testing. Hemostatic abnormalities were defined as coagulation, vWF, or fibrinolysis factor levels below reference range and platelet function defects. Screening modalities included the ISTH Bleeding Assessment Tool (ISTH-BAT), PT, aPTT, TT, Euglobulin Lysis Time (ELT), and Platelet Function Analyser (PFA). Results: In 21 of 240 (8.8%) patients reporting bleeding symptoms, hemostatic abnormalities were found, including 7 reduced coagulation factor levels, 10 platelet function abnormalities, and 4 reduced vWF levels. In comparison, 10 of 95 (10.5%) patients not reporting bleeding symptoms had abnormalities. The ISTH-BAT could not identify patients with abnormalities, while PT, aPTT, TT, ELT, and PFA had high specificity but low sensitivity to detect abnormalities. Conclusions: The prevalence of hemostatic abnormalities in both patients with and without reported bleeding symptoms was 9%-10%. This suggests that the guideline-based questionnaire cannot differentiate between patients with and without abnormalities, while the discriminative power of the screening modalities is also limited.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2018|
- ISTH-Bleeding Assessment Tool
- bleeding disorders
- diagnostic techniques
- preoperative management