Prevalence and factors associated with current smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan

Shafquat Rozi, Saeed Akhtar, Sajid Ali, Javaid Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our objective was to estimate the prevalence and evaluate factors associated with smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in three towns in Karachi, namely, Gadap Town, Bin-Qasim Town and Malir Town, from January through May 2003. Two-stage cluster sampling stratified by school type was employed to select schools and students. We recruited and interviewed 772 male students regarding socio-demographic factors, smoking history of students, their families/friends, number of siblings, and place of residence. The prevalence of smoking (30 days) among adolescents was 13.7%. Final multiple logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, ethnicity, and place of residence, being a student at a government school (OR=1.6; 95%CI: 1.0-2.7), parental smoking (OR=1.7; 95%CI: 1.1-2.8), uncle smoking (OR=1.7; 95%CI: 1.2-2.8), peer smoking (OR=6.2; 95% CI: 3.9-9.9), and spending leisure time outside home (OR=3.9; 95%CI 1.2-13.2) were significantly associated with adolescent smoking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-504
Number of pages7
JournalSoutheast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Volume36
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

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