Quality of Life Index in Patients with Vitiligo

Saadia Tabassum, Atiya Rahman, Rabia Ghafoor, Qamaruddin Khan, Najia Ahmed, Tazein Amber, Nadia Iftikhar, Bazil Musharraf, Nadia Ali Azfar, Uzma Bashir, Zartash Arshad, Safia Awan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To ascertain the quality of life (QoL) impairment among the Pakistani population with vitiligo and to determine the relationship between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of the Study: Dermatology Outpatients at the Aga Khan University in collaboration with outpatients of seven tertiary care hospitals of Sindh, Punjab, KPK, Balochistan, and AJK to collect data from March 2015 to April 2019. Methodology: All clinically diagnosed patients of vitiligo, who signed consent and assent forms, were included in the study. A validated 25-item, QoL scale for vitiligo was used. Socio-economic status of the patients, clinical assessment of the disease and patients' engagement in social and domestic lives was noted. Results: Five hundred and seventy-three patients were enrolled in the study, having mean age 29.8 ± 16.2 years. In 306 (53.4%) males and 267 (46.65%) females; 21.8% were below 18 years. Mean vitiligo QoL index was 38.4 ± 11.8. Patients of vitiligo with disease duration 5-10 years, those affected on exposed parts, more than five body sites, rapidly progressing disease and of female gender had a higher impairment of quality of life. These scores were found significantly higher as compared to other levels of these parameters (p<0.05). Conclusion: Patients with vitiligo experience low self-esteem. The disease adversely affects their quality of life. The authors recommend the use of disease-specific instruments to assess the quality of life which enables the treating physician to devise best possible management plan individually.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-526
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Pakistan
  • Quality of life
  • Vitiligo
  • Vitiligo life quality index

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