Quality of life of patients one year after breast-conserving surgery versus modified radical mastectomy for early breast cancer: A Kenya tertiary hospital five-year review

Andrew Senoga, Ronald Wasike, Sitna Ali Mwanzi, Miriam Mutebi

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Abstract

Introduction: Breast conserving surgery (BCS) followed by radiotherapy (BCT) and modified radical mastectomy (MRM) are the most common surgical techniques utilized in treatment of early breast cancer (EBC) with similar overall survival and recurrence rates. Western literature suggests that these treatments impact the quality of life (QOL) of patients variably. There are no comparison studies on these treatments as per patient’s QOL in East Africa. The objectives were to compare the QOL of patients with EBC at least one year after BCT or MRM and assess the factors that affect this QOL. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital-Nairobi (AKUHN). Eligible female patients with EBC who had undergone either BCT or MRM between January 2013 and December 2018 were invited to fill out European Organization for the Treatment and Research of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ-C30). Data on participant demographics and clinical information was also obtained. Average scores for each aspect of QOL were obtained and overall means for each surgical treatment compared. Linear regression was done to assess the factors that affected this QOL Results: forty-two patients had BCS/BCT and 39 had MRM. Patients who had undergone BCS/BCT had a better overall QOL than those who had undergone MRM (p=0.0149). Multivariate analysis revealed that five years from time of surgery, level of education and diabetes mellitus significantly (p<0.05) affected the QOL of these patients. Conclusion: after one year from surgery for EBC, patients who had undergone BCS/BCT had a better QOL as compared to MRM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalPan African Medical Journal
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Quality of life
  • breast-conserving surgery
  • early breast cancer
  • modified radical mastectomy

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