Racial disparities in motorcycle-related mortality: An analysis of the national trauma data bank

Joseph G. Crompton, Keshia M. Pollack, Tolulope Oyetunji, David C. Chang, David T. Efron, Elliott R. Haut, Edward E. Cornwell, Adil H. Haider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Studies have shown racial disparities in outcomes after motor vehicle crashes; however, it is currently unknown if race impacts the likelihood of mortality after a motorcycle crash (MCC). The primary objective of this study was to determine if race is associated with MCC mortality. Methods: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of MCCs included in the National Trauma Data Bank between 2002 and 2006. Multiple logistic regression was used to adjust for age, sex, insurance status, year, helmet use, and injury severity characteristics. Results: Black patients had a 1.58 (95% confidence interval, 1.281.97) increased odds of mortality after a MCC, but were more likely to use a helmet (1.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.191.43) compared with their white counterparts (n = 62,840). Conclusions: Black motorcyclists appear more likely to die after a MCC compared with whites. Although the reasons for this disparity are unclear, these data suggest that resources beyond encouraging helmet use are necessary to reduce fatalities among black motorcyclists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-196
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Motorcycle fatalities
  • Motorcycle helmet
  • Racial disparities


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