Racial disparities in surgical care and outcomes in the United States: A comprehensive review of patient, provider, and systemic factors

Adil H. Haider, Valerie K. Scott, Karim A. Rehman, Catherine Velopulos, Jessica M. Bentley, Edward E. Cornwell, Waddah Al-Refaie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

388 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-492.e12
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • AOR
  • NIS
  • Nationwide Inpatient Sample
  • SEER
  • SES
  • Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results
  • adjusted odds ratio
  • socioeconomic status

Cite this