Rare aneurysm of anterior mitral valve leaflet-a case report

Muhammad Tariq, Ibrahim Zahid, Shahid Sami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Mitral valve aneurysm (MVA) is a saccular outpouching of the mitral leaflet which expands on systole and collapses during diastole. The case of MVA was first described in 1729 by Morand. It is one of the rare entities with a reported incidence of only 0.2-0.29% and no such case reported in Pakistan before. Case presentation: A 51 year old female presented with dyspnea and chest pain for 3 months. Upon investigating, trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed thickened anterior mitral valve leaflet with rolled up margins, forming an aneurysm, with severe mitral regurgitation. Subsequently, the valve was evaluated intra-operatively for repair but eventually had to be excised and then successfully replaced with a bioprosthetic valve. Conclusions: TEE is an excellent technique to confirm the diagnosis of a mitral valve leaflet aneurysm, and depending upon the severity of the defect, valve repair can be attempted but replacement becomes the most suitable treatment modality, once repair is deemed impossible. We hereby report a rare case, where timely diagnosis, appropriate surgical intervention and regular post-operative follow up helped in achieving good prognosis of this rare entity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number204
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anterior mitral leaflet
  • Mitral regurgitation
  • Mitral valve aneurysm
  • Mitral valve replacement

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