Recurrent and acquired tracheoesophageal fistulae (TEF)—Minimally invasive management

Zafar Nazir, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan, Javaria Qamar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Objective Recurrent and acquired fistulae are a serious complication of congenital esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) repair and foreign body ingestion (FBI) (e.g., button battery). We report our experience with a minimally invasive approach to recurrent and acquired TEF. Methods Medical records of patients referred for management of recurrent and acquired TEF between 2003 and 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients underwent endoscopic procedures (de-epithelization of fistulous tract and fibrin tissue adhesive-TisseelR) under general anesthesia. Results Nine children (7 male, 2 female) with age range 3 months to 3 years (mean 1.5 year) were managed. TEF closed spontaneously in four patients, whereas in 5 patients the TEF closed after combined endoscopic procedure. Three patients required repeat endoscopic procedures. Follow-up ranged between 7 months to 10 years (mean 4.2 years). Conclusions Active observation and repeat combined endoscopic procedures are safe alternatives to open surgical repair of acquired and recurrent TEF. Level of evidence Level IV study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1688-1690
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Acquired
  • Button battery
  • Endoscopic management
  • Foreign body ingestion
  • Recurrent
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula


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