Reducing maternal, newborn, and infant mortality globally: An integrated action agenda

Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Sergio Cabral, Chok Wan Chan, William J. Keenan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


There has been increasing awareness over recent years of the persisting burden of worldwide maternal, newborn, and child mortality. The majority of maternal deaths occur during labor, delivery, and the immediate postpartum period, with obstetric hemorrhage as the primary medical cause of death. Other causes of maternal mortality include hypertensive diseases, sepsis/infections, obstructed labor, and abortion-related complications. Recent estimates indicate that in 2009 an estimated 3.3 million babies died in the first month of life and that overall, 7.3 million children under 5 die each year. Recent data also suggest that sufficient evidence- and consensus-based interventions exist to address reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health globally, and if implemented at scale, these have the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality. There is an urgent need to put elements in place to promote integrated interventions among healthcare professionals and their associations. What is needed is the political will and partnerships to implement evidence-based interventions at scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S13-S17
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue numberSUPPL.1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Child mortality
  • Integrated strategies
  • Interventions
  • Maternal mortality
  • Newborn mortality


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