Relationship among hypovitaminosis D, maternal periodontal disease, and low birth weight

Farhan Raza Khan, Tashfeen Ahmad, Rabia Hussain, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine if low birth weight is associated with hypovitaminosis D and periodontal disease among a sample of Pakistani women residing in district Jhelum, Punjab. Study Design: Cross-sectional study nested in a large community-based longitudinal study. Place and Duration of Study: Tehsil Pind Dadan Khan, District Jhelum, Pakistan from August 2012 to October 2015. Methodology: Women during 12-16th week of pregnancy were selected. Dental examination was performed. Probing depth ≥ 3 mm was labeled as periodontal disease, whereas serum level < 20.0 ng/mL was taken as hypovitaminosis D. Mothers of low birth weight babies ( < 2500 g) were compared to mothers who gave birth to normal weight ( ≥ 2500 g) babies. Odds ratio was applied to measure the strength of association of low birth weight with maternal hypovitaminosis D and also for maternal periodontal disease. Results: There were 62 participants in the study. The mean age of mothers was 26.7 ±4.5 years. It was alarming to observe that 53 (85%) participants had vitamin D deficiency. However, periodontal disease was only seen in four participants (6%). Out of the 62 mothers, eighteen (29%) gave birth to low birth weight babies. None of the variables were found to be associated with the low birth weight. Conclusion: The present study did not find any significant association of low birth weight with hypovitaminosis D or maternal periodontal disease in the studied sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-39
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Low birth weight
  • Periodontal disease
  • Pregnant women
  • Vitamin D


Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship among hypovitaminosis D, maternal periodontal disease, and low birth weight'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this