Role of progesterone in human embryo implantation

Rehana Rehman, Zahir Hussain, Anjum Ara Siddiq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To identify causes of embryo implantation failure after intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI); by correlation of positive pregnancy outcome with age, number and grading of embryos, day of egg collection, endometrial lining and progesterone levels on the day of egg collection and embryo transfer. Materials and Methods This descriptive case study was conducted on 40 couples of Assisted Reproductive Clinic in Islamabad from June till August 2011. Down regulation of females aged 18-35 with Gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist was followed by calculated stimulation with gonadotrophins (Injection Puregon). Fertilized eggs were graded, blastocysts transferred on day 13, 14 and 15 of treatment cycle on the basis of follicular maturation and endometrial lining measured by trans vaginal scan. Serum progesterone was measured on the day of egg collection and embryo transfer. Results Rise of progesterone in secretory phase of endometrial cycle more so on the day embryo transfer (ET) was associated with positive pregnancy outcome. However, female age, number and grading of embryos, day of ET, endometrial lining and other biochemical parameters had no significant effects. Conclusion Estimation of serum progesterone on the day of ET is highly specific and sensitive test for prediction of positive pregnancy outcome as detected by rise in β hCG (Human Chorionic gonado trophin).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-198
Number of pages5
JournalRawal Medical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Egg collection
  • Embryo transfer
  • Hcg
  • Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection
  • Progesterone
  • β


Dive into the research topics of 'Role of progesterone in human embryo implantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this