Safety of Vasopressor Medications through Peripheral Line in Pediatric Patients in PICU in a Resource-Limited Setting

Saira Abrar, Qalab Abbas, Maha Inam, Iraj Khan, Farah Khalid, Syed Raza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. Central venous catheter (CVC) placement in children in resource-limited settings (RLSs) can be a difficult task. Timely administration of vasopressor medications (VMs) through peripheral intravenous line (PIV) can help overcome this limitation. We aim to determine the safety of administration of vasopressor medications through PIVs in children admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in a RLS. Design. Prospective observational study. Setting. An eight-bedded PICU of a tertiary care hospital. Patients. Children aged 1 month to 18 years admitted to the PICU. Intervention. None. Measurements and Main Results. All children (aged 1 month-18 years) who received VMs through PIV line from January 2019 to December 2019 were prospectively followed for the development of extravasation, conversion to CVC, duration of infusion, maximum dose of VMs used, maximum vasopressor inotropic score (VIS), and coadministration of vasopressor medication through PIV line. Results are presented as means with standard deviation and frequency with percentages. A total of 369 patients were included in the study, 221 (59.9%) were males, and the median age of the study population was 24 months (IQR; 6-96). Epinephrine was the most frequently used vasopressor medication (n = 279, 75.6%), followed by milrinone (n = 93, 25.2%), norepinephrine (n = 42, 11.4%), and dopamine (n = 32, 8.7%). The maximum dose of vasopressor medication was 0.25 μg/kg/min (epinephrine), 0.2 μg/kg/min (norepinephrine), 15 μg/kg/min (dopamine), and 0.8 μg/kg/min (milrinone). Extravasation was observed in 8 (2.2%) patients, while PIV line was converted to CVC in 127 (34.4%) children. Maximum dose of epinephrine, norepinephrine, VIS score, and PRISM Score was associated with conversion to CVC (p < 0.001), while none of them was associated with risk for extravasation. Conclusion. Vasopressor medication through PIV line is a safe option in patients admitted to the PICU.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6160563
JournalCritical Care Research and Practice
Publication statusPublished - 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Safety of Vasopressor Medications through Peripheral Line in Pediatric Patients in PICU in a Resource-Limited Setting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this