Serum tumour necrosis factor alpha in osteopenic and osteoporotic postmenopausal females: A cross-sectional study in Pakistan

Rafat Murad, Zahra Shezad, Saara Ahmed, Mussarat Ashraf, Murad Qadir, Rehana Rehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare biochemical parameters serum tumour necrosis factor alpha, calcium, magnesium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and vitamin D in postmenopausal women. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out from June 2015 to July 2016 at Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, and comprised postmenopausal women. Bone mineral density done by dual energy X-ray absorptiometryscan categorised subjects by World Health Organisation classification into normal (T score > -1) osteopenic (T score between -1 and -2.5) and osteoporotic (T score < -2.5). Biochemical parameters like tumour necrosis alpha, calcium, magnesium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and vitamin D were measured by solid phase enzyme amplified sensitivity immunoassay method. SPSS 16 was used to analyse the data. Results: Of the 146 women, 34(23%) were normal, 93(67%) were osteopenic and 19(13%) were osteoporotic. There was significant difference in mean body mass index, serum tumour necrosis factor alpha and calcium in all the three groups (p<0.01). Significant mean difference was observed in serum calcium levels between normal and osteopenic, and between normal and osteoporotic group (p<0.05 each) without any significant mean difference between osteopenic and osteoporotic groups (p>0.05). A significant difference was observed for mean tumour necrosis factor alpha values between normal and osteoporotic groups (p<0.05). Tumour necrosis factor alpha showed negative correlation with bone mineral density in osteopenic and osteoporotic groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Increased bone turnover in postmenopausal osteopenic women can be predicted by increased serum cytokine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-431
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Volume68
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • BMD
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Postmenopausal
  • TNF alpha
  • Vitamin D

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