Social context of disclosing HIV test results in Tanzania

Joe Lugalla, Stanley Yoder, Huruma Sigalla, Charles Madihi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


This study sought to understand how individuals reveal their HIV test results to others and the ways in which social relations affect the disclosure process. The data were collected through open-ended interviews administered in Swahili to informants who had just been tested for HIV and to those who were living with HIV in Dar es Salaam and Iringa regions. Analysis shows that social relations influence the decisions individuals make about disclosure. Most people preferred to reveal their HIV status to close family members. Most also mentioned the fear of being rejected and discriminated against as major reasons for not disclosing their test results to others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S53-S66
JournalCulture, Health and Sexuality
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Africa
  • HIV prevention
  • disclosure


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