Socio economic impact of water crisis on Agrarian community

Muhammad Asim, Ali Hassan Vains, Haroon Yousaf, Muhammad Azam Ramzan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the national economy of Pakistan. 65% of total population of Pakistan is living in villages and their major source of livelihood depends upon agriculture. Pakistan has the largest world irrigation system its irrigation strength three times more than that of Russia. But unfortunately, Pakistani farmers are facing serious water shortage problem in these days. The main objectives of the present study were to explore the effects of scarcity of canal water on the yield of different type of major crops and assess the affect of ground water on crops and its socio economic implication on the farmers' lives. A sample of 160 household farmers was selected through multistage sampling techniques. Specifically through this study, farmers' survival due to the shortage of irrigation water highly depends upon tube well water. Due to this phenomenon not only farmers have to pay lot of money in the form of fuel but also tube well water negatively affects the crops yield. The researchers also found out the socio economic problems due to the water crises such as irrigation water disputes, less cultivation, lack of interest of livestock and these notions also badly affect their crops yield as well as their socio economic condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-240
Number of pages6
JournalMediterranean Journal of Social Sciences
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Crops and yield
  • Farmers
  • Irrigation
  • Water disputes


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