Sociodemographic Characteristics and Patterns of Suicide in Pakistan: An Analysis of Current Trends

Sadiq Naveed, Sania Mumtaz Tahir, Nazish Imran, Bariah Rafiq, Maryam Ayub, Imran Ijaz Haider, Murad Moosa Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Suicide is a global phenomenon with about 79% of suicides occurring in low and middle-income countries. This study investigated current trends, demographics, and characteristics of completed suicides based on reports from leading Pakistani Newspapers. This study performed a qualitative analysis of completed suicides in Pakistan's four newspapers from January 1st, 2019, through December 31st, 2020. Data about socio-demographic characteristics, methods of suicide, possible motives, and associated features were analyzed. 2295 suicides were reported in Pakistan during 2019 and 2020. About 61.87% were completed by men, and 38.12% by women. The most suicides occurred in individuals ages < 30 years. The predominant method of suicide in this group was ingestion of poisonous substances. The most commonly reported reasons for suicide were domestic conflicts, financial problems, and failure in love/marriage. By providing insight into characteristics of suicide, this study highlights the need for effective suicide prevention policies and programs to tackle rising rates of suicide in Pakistan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1064-1070
Number of pages7
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Low-and middle-income countries
  • Mental health
  • Muslims
  • Newspaper reports
  • Pakistan
  • Suicide

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