Statewide Perinatal Quality Improvement, Teamwork, and Communication Activities in Oklahoma and Texas

Elizabeth K. Stierman, Barbara T. O'Brien, Julie Stagg, Elizabeth Ouk, Natanya Alon, Lilly D. Engineer, Camille A. Fabiyi, Tasnuva M. Liu, Emily Chew, Lauren E. Benishek, Brenda Harding, Raymond G. Terhorst, Asad Latif, Sean M. Berenholtz, Kamila B. Mistry, Andreea A. Creanga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe statewide perinatal quality improvement (QI) activities, specifically implementation of Alliance for Innovation on Maternal Health (AIM) patient safety bundles and use of teamwork and communication tools in obstetric units in Oklahoma and Texas. Methods: In January-February 2020, we conducted a survey of AIM-enrolled hospitals in Oklahoma (n = 35) and Texas (n = 120) to gather data on obstetric unit organization and QI processes. Data were linked to hospital characteristics information from the 2019 American Hospital Association survey and hospitals' maternity levels of care from state agencies. We generated descriptive statistics for each state and created an index to summarize adoption of QI processes. We fitted linear regression models to examine how this index varied by hospital characteristics and self-reported ratings for patient safety and AIM bundle implementation. Results: Most obstetric units had standardized clinical processes for obstetric hemorrhage (94% Oklahoma; 97% Texas), massive transfusion (94% Oklahoma; 97% Texas), and severe hypertension in pregnancy (97% Oklahoma; 80% Texas); regularly conducted simulation drills for obstetric emergencies (89% Oklahoma; 92% Texas); had multidisciplinary QI committees (61% Oklahoma; 83% Texas); and conducted debriefs after major obstetric complications (45% Oklahoma; 86% Texas). Few obstetric units offered recent staff training on teamwork and communication to their staff (6% Oklahoma; 22% Texas); those who did were more likely to employ specific strategies to facilitate communication, escalate concerns, and manage staff conflicts. Overall, adoption of QI processes was significantly higher in hospitals in urban than rural areas, teaching than nonteaching, offering higher levels of maternity care, with more staff per shift, and greater delivery volume (all P <.05). The QI adoption index scores were strongly associated with respondents' ratings for patient safety and implementation of maternal safety bundles (both P <.001). Conclusions: Adoption of QI processes varies across obstetric units in Oklahoma and Texas, with implications for implementing future perinatal QI initiatives. Notably, findings highlight the need to reinforce support for rural obstetric units, which often face greater barriers to implementing patient safety and QI processes than urban units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-188
Number of pages12
JournalQuality Management in Health Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • obstetrics
  • patient safety
  • patient safety bundles
  • quality improvement
  • quality of care


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