Stevens Johnson syndrome in Pakistan: A ten-year survey

Y. I. Ahmed, S. Azeem, O. Khan, T. H. Majid, D. Ahmed, A. Amin, A. Mahmood, K. Hameed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: A pre-tested questionnaire-based, retrospective study to highlight the causative factors, mode of presentation, complications and outcome of patients with Stevens Johnson syndrome. Setting: Aga Khan University Hospital over a 10 year period. Methods: All case records with a diagnosis of Steven Johnson Syndrome in the period 1990 to 2000 were retrospectively reviewed. Data was retrieved on a comprehensive questionnaire. The demographic variatbles and drugs taken within the previous 21 days were noted. Date analysis was done by Epi-Info Version 6.0. Results: Of the 101studied patient files, the most common offender was found to be the Penicillins as a group and Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine (Fansidar) when considering all drugs individually. Most common complications included electrolyte disturbances (13.9%) and congestive heart failure (6.9%). Mortality rate was high at 10.1%. Conclusion: SJS was found to be a rare condition but having a mortality rate of 10.1%. As it can be induced by a large number of drugs, caution should be practiced while prescribing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-315
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Volume54
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

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