Stone clearance in lower pole nephrolithiasis after extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy - The controversy continues

M. Hammad Ather, Fuad Abid, Sobia Akhtar, Karim Khawaja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To determine factors influencing the clearance of fragments after extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for lower pole calyceal (LPC) stones. Methods: In the period between July 1998 and Oct 2001, 100 patients with isolated lower polar calyceal calculi ≤ 20 mm, in patients aged ≥ 14 years, were included in the study. Intravenous urograms (IVU) were reviewed to define the LPC anatomy (width of the infundibulum and pelvicalyceal angle). Study end points i.e. stone free status; number of shock waves used and number of sessions were correlated with variables like LPC anatomy, body mass index and stone size. Results: At three months follow up the clearance for stone size < 10 mm, 11-15 mm and 16-20 mm were 95, 96 and 90% respectively. Patients with acute LPC (<90°) and obtuse angle (>90°) had stone clearance of 94 and 100% respectively. For the infundibular width of < 4 mm, the stone clearance was 93% were as for > 4 mm, it was 100%. For body mass index (BMI) less than and > 30 kg/m2, the stone clearance was 92 and 95% respectively. Conclusions: There is a trend towards more ESWL sessions and shock wave requirement in patients with acute pelvi-calyceal angle and narrow infundibulum but it is not statistically significant. Size (≤ 20 mm) and BMI has no relation with stone clearance. With modern lithotripter, stones up to 20 mm could primarily be treated by ESWL, irrespective of an un-favorable lower polar calyceal anatomy and body habitus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalBMC Urology
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2003

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