Structural and functional impacts of microbiota on pyropia yezoensis and surrounding seawater in cultivation farms along coastal areas of the yellow sea

Arsalan Ahmed, Anam Khurshid, Xianghai Tang, Junhao Wang, Tehsin Ullah Khan, Yunxiang Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pyropia yezoensis is the most important commercial edible red algae in China, carrying a variety of resident microbes at its surface. To understand microbiome diversity, community structure, interactions and functions with hosts in this regard, thalli and seawater sampleswere collected from Yantai and Rizhao cultivation farms in the Yellow Sea. The thalli and seawater samples (n = 12) were collected and studied using an Illumina NovaSeq 6000 platform and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing, along with the consideration of environmental factors. Bacterial communities in association with P. yezoensis and surrounding seawater were predominated by Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes. The variability of bacterial communities related to P. yezoensis and seawater were predominantly shaped by nitrate (NO3), ammonium (NH4), and temperature. Cluster analysis revealed a close relationship between thalli (RTH and YTH) and seawater (RSW and YSW) in terms of the residing bacterial communities, respectively. PICRUSt analysis revealed the presence of genes associated with amino acid transportation and metabolism, which explained the bacterial dependence on algal-provided nutrients. This study reveals that the diversity of microbiota for P. yezoensis is greatly influenced by abiotic factors and algal organic exudates which trigger chemical signaling and transportation responses from the bacterial community, which in turn activates genes to metabolize subsequent substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1291
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial communities
  • Illumina NovaSeq
  • Microbial composition
  • Microbiome
  • Pyropia yezoensis
  • Ribosomal RNA

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