Studies on anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of betel nut in rodents

Shagufta Khan, Malik Hassan Mehmood, Anita Naushir Akbar Ali, Fahad Shabbir Ahmed, Ahsana Dar, Anwarul Hassan Gilani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Areca catechu, commonly known as betel nut, is very famous for its medicinal use in multiple disorders. It is also popular as a remedy against inflammatory disorders in the Unani (Greco-Arab) system of medicine. Objective of the study: This study was aimed at investigating the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of the crude extract of Areca catechu and its respective fractions. Materials and methods: Paw edema, formalin-induced nociception and acetic acid-induced writhing assays were carried out in vivo. Free radical scavenging activity of the plant extract was performed in vitro. Results: Preliminary experiments using a single dose (100 mg/kg) of Areca catechu and its respective fractions demonstrated an anti-inflammatory effect on carrageenan-induced edema in mice and rats, the aqueous fraction being distinctly more effective. When studied on prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2), arachidonic acid, histamine, or serotonin (5HT)-induced edema in rats, Areca catechu and its aqueous fraction markedly repressed only the PGE 2 and arachidonic acid-induced inflammation. When studied for analgesic activity, the crude extract and its aqueous fraction produced a dose-dependent (10-100 mg/kg) inhibitory effect on formalin-induced nociception in mice and acetic acid-induced writhing in rats, similar to aspirin. In DPPH assay, Areca catechu and its aqueous fraction exhibited free radical scavenging activity with respective IC 50 values of 5.34 μg/ml (4.93-5.78, CI; 95%, n = 5) and 7.28 μg/ml (6.04-7.95, n = 4), like that of rutin with IC 50 value of 4.75 μg/ml (3.89-5.42, n = 4). Conclusion: These results indicate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Areca catechu and provide a rationale for its medicinal use in inflammatory disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-661
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Volume135
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Analgesic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-oxidant
  • Betel nut
  • Cyclooxygenase inhibitor
  • Lipoxygenase inhibitor

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Studies on anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of betel nut in rodents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this