Surgical outcomes and socio-demographic pattern of hypospadias patients treated in a tertiary care center in Kabul, Afghanistan

Reshadullah Jurat, Mohammad Tareq Rahimi, Rubina Barolia

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Abstract

Introduction: Hypospadias is a congenital anomaly of male external genitalia and is the second most common congenital anomaly of male newborns after cryptorchidism. Although its prevalence in Afghanistan is unknown, anecdotal evidence shows that hypospadias is an important clinical and psychosocial problem in Afghanistan. There is no data available regarding the socio-demographic pattern of the disease and age at the time of surgery in Afghanistan context.Objective: The aims of this study were to identify socio-demographic pattern of hypospadias among patients and to determine surgical outcomes of hypospadias patients operated in a tertiary care center in Kabul.Methods: A descriptive case series design and non-probability consecutive sampling were used. Study population was 86 patients undergone urethroplasty during January 2018 to September 2019. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the dependent and independent variables. Follow up notes of patients' medical record files were reviewed to assess post-operative condition of the patients along with presence of any post-operative complications.Results: The mean age at the time of repair was 6.2 years. Family history was positive in 16.3% and consanguinity in almost 56% of the patients. The most common type of hypospadias was distal shaft type (30.2%), penile chordae was present in 25.6% and pinhole meatus in 32.6% of the cases. The most common associated anomaly was cryptorchidism (9.3%) followed by inguinal hernia (2.3%). Peno-scrotal transposition was the most common sexual differentiation disorder (11.6%), however majority didn't have any disorder of sexual differentiation (83.7%) The most common complication was urethral stricture and meatal stenosis (9.3% each) followed by urethra-cutaneous fistula (7%) in this study, although remarkable majority (74.4%) was complication free. Urethral advancement procedure was more practiced in distal type (94.7%) and 2-stage repair for the proximal type (70%) of hypospadias.Conclusion: Findings showed that the age at repair for hypospadias in our center is much higher than the recommended age. Different than the literature, the most common complication was meatal stenosis. Majority of patients were result of consanguineous marriages. Procedure choice was different according to the type of hypospadias and preference of the surgeon.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalSchool of Nursing & Midwifery
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

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