Telesimulation Innovation on the Teaching of SPIKES Model on Sharing Bad News

Zohra Kurji, Azaina Aijaz, Amina Aijaz, Zohra Jetha, Shanaz Cassum

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) brought to the world, an unprecedented emergency, which dramatically affected the face-to-face teaching in higher education academia. University faculty and students had to shift overnight to an online and remote course instruction. They were neither trained nor prepared and had limited resources and infrastructure. Palliative Care and Oncology Stream Faculty at Aga Khan University, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan, piloted an innovative academic project using telesimulation (TS). Trainee nurse interns were taught communication skills and the art of breaking bad news to palliative clients using the SPIKES model through TS. To incorporate best practices for simulation-based experiences, we used the International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning to standardize and implement TS with 141 interns. This review article documents how the faculty planned and implemented the TS strategy during COVID-19. It outlines the challenges and the lessons learnt from implementation and feedback from faculty and students. This information could be useful in the future execution of TS, in any communication and counseling course, since COVID-19 has impacted the future educational course design and pedagogy worldwide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-627
Number of pages5
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Nursing
  • SPIKES model
  • telesimulation


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