The effect of preoperative steroids for at least 10 days on complications following craniotomy for tumor resection: A database, retrospective cohort study: Steroid therapy and craniotomy

Usama Waqar, Iqra Fatima Munawar Ali, Iman Farooqui, Sharjeel Ahmad, Ahmad Areeb Chaudhry, Meher Angez, Afsheen Ziauddin, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The effect of chronic steroid therapy on postoperative outcomes after craniotomy for tumor resection remains understudied. Research question: This study aimed to fill this gap and to identify risk factors of postoperative morbidity and mortality among patients on chronic steroid use undergoing craniotomy for tumor resection. Materials and methods: Data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program were used. Patients who underwent craniotomy for tumor resection between 2011 and 2019 were included. Perioperative characteristics and complications were compared among patients with and without chronic steroid therapy, defined as steroid use for at least 10 days. Multivariable regression analyses were conducted to assess the impact of steroid therapy on postoperative outcomes. Subgroup analyses involving patients on steroid therapy were conducted to explore risk factors of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Results: Of 27,037 patients, 16.2% were on steroid therapy. On regression analyses, steroid use was significantly associated with any postoperative complication, infectious complication, urinary tract infection, septic shock, wound dehiscence, pneumonia, non-infectious, pulmonary, and thromboembolic complications, cardiac arrest, blood transfusion, unplanned reoperation, readmission, and mortality. On subgroup analysis, risk factors for postoperative morbidity and mortality among patients on steroid therapy included older age, higher American Society of Anesthesiology physical status, functional dependence, pulmonary and cardiovascular comorbidities, anemia, dirty/infected wounds, prolonged operative time, disseminated cancer, and a diagnosis of meningioma. Discussion and conclusion: Preoperative brain tumor patients on steroids for 10 or more days are at a relatively high risk of postoperative complications. We recommend a judicious use of steroids in brain tumor patients, both in terms of dosage and duration of treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101725
JournalBrain and Spine
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Brain neoplasms
  • Craniotomy
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Postoperative complications
  • Steroids

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